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Harry S. Truman , born May 8, , Lamar , Missouri , U. Truman was the eldest of three children of John A. Truman; his father was a mule trader and farmer. After graduating from high school in in Independence , Missouri, he went to work as a bank clerk in Kansas City. When the United States entered World War I in , Truman—nearly 33 years old and with two tours in the National Guard —11 behind him—immediately volunteered. He was sent overseas a year later and served in France as the captain of Battery D, a field artillery unit that saw action at Saint Mihiel and the Meuse-Argonne.

The men under his command came to be devoted to him, admiring him for his bravery and evenhanded leadership. With army friend Edward Jacobson he opened a haberdashery, but the business failed in the severe recession of the early s. With the backing of the Pendergast machine, Truman launched his political career in , running successfully for county judge. He served two four-year terms, during which he acquired a reputation for honesty unusual among Pendergast politicians and for skillful management. Senate , however, Pendergast extended the offer to Truman, who quickly accepted.

He won the primary with a 40,vote plurality, assuring his election in solidly Democratic Missouri. John Nance Garner. He was responsible for two major pieces of legislation: the Civil Aeronautics Act of , establishing government regulation of the aviation industry, and the Wheeler-Truman Transportation Act of , providing government oversight of railroad reorganization. Following a tough Democratic primary victory in , he won a second term in the Senate, and it was during this term that he gained national recognition for leading an investigation into fraud and waste in the U.

While taking care not to jeopardize the massive effort being launched to prepare the nation for war, the Truman Committee officially the Special Committee Investigating National Defense exposed graft and deficiencies in production. The committee made it a practice to issue draft reports of its findings to corporations, unions, and government agencies under investigation, allowing for the correction of abuses before formal action was initiated.

The Roosevelt-Truman ticket garnered 53 percent of the vote to 46 percent for their Republican rivals, and Truman took the oath of office as vice president on January 20, His term lasted just 82 days, however, during which time he met with the president only twice. Fast Facts. Videos Images Audio. Additional Info. Truman president of United States. Print print Print. Table Of Contents. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.

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Fast Facts Quotes. See all media. Born: May 8, Lamar Missouri Show more Political Affiliation: Democratic Party Show more. Full Article. Consider President Truman's reasoning for using atomic bombs against Japan and issuing the Truman Doctrine. Key events in the life of Harry S. Britannica Quiz. Presidential History Quiz. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Load Next .

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