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Cocaine is a stimulant drug which means it speeds up the brain and nervous system. People who sell cocaine often mix or cut the powder with other things that look the same to make the drug go further. Some of these mixed-in substances can have unpleasant or harmful effects. It is difficult to tell what the product drug actually contains in most cases. Download the cocaine fact sheet. Cocaine is a drug made from the leaves of the coca plant. This plant is processed in different ways to make different types of cocaine such as cocaine hydrochloride, freebase cocaine and crack cocaine.
Cocaine hydrochloride This is the white powder type of cocaine most commonly available in Australia. In this form it is commonly sniffed through the nose snorted or injected. Freebase cocaine This is a chemically changed type of cocaine alkaloidal cocaine. It can be smoked and this makes the user feel high quickly.
Crack cocaine Crack is a type of freebase cocaine sold in the form of small crystals or rocks. It is usually smoked or injected. Crack is less available in Australia. People who use cocaine sometimes take other drugs at the same time to cope with some of the things cocaine does to the body. Some people take drugs such as minor tranquillisers, alcohol, marijuana or heroin to help them sleep. This can make you dependent on several drugs at once. For example, some people need cocaine each day to get them going and minor tranquillisers each night to get to sleep.
This type of dependence can lead to many serious physical and psychological problems. Mixing different drugs can also make you more likely to overdose. Combining cocaine with another illicit drug can be fatal. Overdose of cocaine is more likely to occur in people with pre-existing heart conditions or who are older. Even small amounts may cause overdose with some people who have an especially strong reaction to it. When a person overdoses, it may cause:. If the person has been mixing cocaine with other drugs, tell the NSW Ambulance paramedic exactly what they have taken. Paramedics are there to help.
Anyone can develop a tolerance to cocaine. Tolerance means that you must take more of the drug to feel the same effects you used to have with lower amounts. Dependence on cocaine means that it takes up a lot of your thoughts, emotions and activities and can lead to a variety of health, money, legal, work and relationship problems. Cocaine-dependent people may find it very hard to stop using or cut down because of withdrawal symptoms.
These can include:. However, if you are worried about withdrawal, contact your doctor or health centre. Cocaine use during pregnancy can affect fetal development by increasing the heart rate of both the mother and the unborn baby, reducing the supply of blood and oxygen to the baby. There is also an increased risk of bleeding, miscarriage, premature labour and stillbirth. Inform antenatal staff of cocaine use and attend regular antenatal checkups. Some research indicates that the children of women who use cocaine in pregnancy may experience long-term mental or physical effects.
Babies of mothers who regularly use cocaine during pregnancy tend to weigh less and may also experience withdrawal symptoms after birth. It is likely that, if a mother continues to use cocaine while breastfeeding, the drug will be present in her milk, which may have adverse effects on the baby. It is generally risky to take any drug while breastfeeding without medical advice. Using cocaine is illegal. If you use, sell or give cocaine to someone else and get caught, you could face substantial fines and penalties including a prison sentence.
It is illegal to drive under the influence of drugs, including cocaine. If you break this law you could lose your licence for a set time, or be fined. Cocaine can make you feel more confident if you drive. This can make you take dangerous risks and have accidents. Anyone under the influence of cocaine, who kills or injures another person while driving can be sentenced to a term in prison. For free and confidential advice about alcohol and other drugs 24 hours, 7 days a week, call the National Alcohol and Other Drugs Hotline It will automatically direct you to the Alcohol and Drug Service in the state or territory you are calling from.
The COVID pandemic continues to change lives in many different ways, to support the community we have developed a range of alcohol and other drug specific resources to help you with accessing services and support you with any stress and anxiety you may be experiencing. We will continue to update this as new resources and information becomes available. For information on access to free naloxone opioid overdose reversing medicine , visit ' Take home naloxone — a key component in COVID preparedness '.
Please note: The take home naloxone program includes instructions for performing rescue breathing and chest compressions. What are my rights when negotiating my treatment during this time? People who test positive for COVID and are currently undergoing treatment for alcohol and other drug dependence can continue with their program. Talk to your service provider to discuss your treatment in the event you test positive. The app is a useful tool in this time of social distancing and isolation as it provides you with an opportunity to manage your alcohol consumption in times of stress and anxiety.
The Get Healthy Service Alcohol Reduction Program is also available for people who want to reduce their alcohol consumption to achieve and maintain a healthy weight and a healthier lifestyle. The Alcohol Reduction Program is open to anyone aged 18 years and over.
The fact sheet provides advice and information on protecting your health while using drugs during the COVID pandemic. In this time of unprecedented concern about our collective health and livelihoods, it is more important than ever to remain socially connected and physically healthy. There is no excuse for violence and abuse. If you or someone you care about is experiencing domestic and family violence there are services available to provide support.
If you or anyone else is in immediate danger, please call Police on triple zero. Women can also contact the NSW Domestic Violence Line on 65 64 63 for support, counselling and referral to ongoing support. The service is free, confidential and open to anyone affected by alcohol and other drugs, including people concerned about their own use, or about a family member or friend.
Web chat is only available for people living in NSW. To start a web chat counselling session read and accept the 'Terms and Conditions of Use' below. Alternatively, if you would like to speak to a drug and alcohol counsellor over the phone, please call the National Alcohol and Other Drug helpline on which will direct you to your state service.
Monday to Friday 8. Family Drug Support FDS provides support and assistance to families throughout Australia who are experiencing difficulty with a family member using alcohol or other drugs. FDS is a non-religious, non-judgemental and caring organisation of volunteers who have first-hand experience living with family members experiencing alcohol or drug dependency. FDS supports families by providing information about alcohol and other drugs, dependence and treatment options, while also helping families to overcome stigma and reduce self-blame, provide mutual support and help families build skills to strengthen their relationships.
FDS provide a 24 hour, 7 days a week support line for families, support groups and meetings, the 'Stepping Stones' and 'Stepping Forward' courses, events and resources. Families, friends and loved ones can play a critical role in the recovery of people who experience alcohol and other drug problems, however they are often focused on the needs of others while they neglect their own their own health and wellbeing.
The Family and Friend Support Program FFSP is an online cognitive behavioural therapy program to support people who are caring for or supporting someone with alcohol and other drug use issues. FFSP is based on a series of modules and includes information and activities on how families and friends can help their loved ones, with a specific emphasis on the person providing the support and their often unmet needs.
The program is also suitable for health professionals. For information on how to start a conversation with your loved one about their alcohol and or other drug use, tips on how to look after yourself and other resources visit our For Families mini-site. Please note that for Health Professionals there are costs involved in the 5-step training.
NUAA works to improve the health, welfare and dignity of people who use drugs. PeerLine is a free, confidential peer supported telephone service for people who use drugs, who are on the Opioid Treatment Program or seeking treatment. Trained peers will help you with information, advice and advocacy. The STL can provide brief intervention to callers and may also provide referral to other, non-specialist alcohol and other drug services, including the Stimulant Treatment Program STP.
STP provides itensive counselling and other interventions, including medication, for those people who are wanting help to cutdown or stop their psychostimulant use. STL was establish ed when it was recognized that there was an increasing and problematic use of methamphetamines like crystal or ice in the community. It was also recognized that many people who used these types of drugs were hesitant in approaching traditional alcohol and other drug services.
Calls from landlines and mobile phones are the cost of a standard call. The service is for long haul truck drivers who:. The Ministry of Health wishes to advise that this website may contain names and images of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people now deceased. It may also contain links to sites that may use images of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. You are here:. Is cocaine a problem for you? What is cocaine? Body Content 1. Cocaine C17H21NO4. Body Content 2. Physical effects can include body temperature rises the pupils in your eyes get bigger feel dizzy headaches.
Effects depend on Body Content 3. How cocaine affects your body Tap a body part to learn more of the effects cocaine places on your body. Feel good and confident Feel alert and energetic Feel overly assertive or aggressive Find it hard to concentrate.
General information Effects of cocaine. The effects of taking cocaine can last from a few minutes to a few hours. Psychological Effects You may: feel good and confident be excited or upset feel numb take more risks than usual want to have sex feel alert and energetic feel overly assertive or aggressive feel restless become violent or aggressive find it hard to concentrate not feel like doing anything lose interest in sex have psychosis — a serious psychological problem when you hear voices, imagine things, get frightened that others want to hurt you.
The way a person takes cocaine can also cause some problems: Snorting cocaine can lead to nosebleeds, sinus problems and sometimes permanent damage inside the nose. Injecting cocaine with unsterile injecting equipment makes you more likely to contract blood borne viruses such as HIV, hepatitis B and C, and get blood poisoning septicaemia and skin abscesses sores with pus.
NEVER share fits needles and syringes , spoons, water, filters, alcohol swabs or tourniquets. When a person overdoses, it may cause: faster, irregular or weak heartbeat breathing problems seizures heart attack and failure bleeding in the brain death. Not all people who use cocaine are dependent. For counselling and support services for CALD communities call 02 Nepean Youth Drug and Alcohol Service NYDAS works within a holistic model of care to address a range of issues for young people 12 years of age related to their alcohol and other drug use.
Call 02 or 02 Call 13 11 26 ahmrc. Counselling is offered by web, or call 55 Visit tafensw. Follow the links to student services, careers and counselling. Use the search option to access a directory of NSW youth services. You can also call 02 Body Content 4. On this Impact on alcohol and other drug services Managing your use of alcohol and other drugs Looking after your mental and physical health Safety and wellbeing Impact on alcohol and other drug services As the COVID pandemic develops, NSW Health is working with local health districts, non-government organisation NGO , alcohol and other drug AOD services and community pharmacies to ensure continuity of service.
What to expect A counsellor will chat with you about your alcohol or other drug concerns A counsellor can provide a referral or contact information for relevant alcohol and drug services in NSW To start a web chat counselling session read and accept the 'Terms and Conditions of Use' below. Emergency Assistance Call Emergency Services on if you: require urgent medical attention or are in immediate danger or are at risk of harming yourself or someone else. Find out how FDS can help you. Cost The program is free and available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Trained peers will help you with information, advice and advocacy PeerLine is available from 9. Call for free on or peerline nuaa. Monday to Friday 9am — 5pm AODconnect is an app which provides a national listing of alcohol and other drug treatment services for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.Crack cocaine overdose
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Cocaine (Crack) Addiction